Transfer payments are payments on budgetary resources for which no product or service is received. Three types of transfers are grants, contributions and “other transfers.” In the 2015-16 fiscal year, some 750 multi-year contracts and approximately 80 one-year contracts were signed. Multi-year agreements provide recipient organizations with more stable funding, allowing these organizations to hire and retain the best workforce to provide refugee and immigrant settlement services. 6.62 Monitoring and reporting obligations are often unnecessary. An organization that receives funding from one or more departments for different programs may be required, under the terms of the contribution agreement, to submit an audited financial report to the program manager for each program. The organization can also be controlled by any department it has benefited from; Witnesses who appeared at the parliamentary committee hearing cited cases in which they were subject to a financial audit in the same fiscal year. This process is complicated and duplicates work for departments and the recipient. The Canadian government has achieved systemic improvement through the exchange of best practices and innovation. Individual agreements and consolidation of reports for beneficiaries of several projects have significantly reduced the reporting burden on recipients. 6.59 There are delays in negotiating agreements and approving them. In a survey conducted by Canadian Heritage, clients indicated that they had to wait an average of seven months to receive decisions on their applications. The waiting time for official language assistance programmes is five and a half months.
We found similar wait times in the statistical sample of the files examined. Long delays mean that when an organization finally gets funding, it will have little time to start a project. In other programs that we studied, program officers were able to reach agreements until the beginning of the fiscal year. 10.1 With the exception of contributions to the Hague Conference on Private International Law and the International Institute for the Unification of Private Law (Unidroit), which may vary from year to year, the maximum amount to be paid to a beneficiary may not exceed $250,000 per year. 6.22 By definition, grant recipients are not controlled. However, the Transfer Directive requires a risk-based audit framework, which includes the development of an element for the execution of recipient audits. This aspect of a risk-based audit framework is consistent with the definition of a contribution.